Mandarin orange (Tachibana)
These family crests (In Japanese, KAMON) are called 'Tachibana Mon' in JAPAN.
|Mandarin orange in circle||Mandarin orange for the Nichiren
|Shadowed mandarin orange||Circle of three mandarin oranges||Mandarin orange for the Hikone family|
The mandarin tree is an evergreen of the rue family. In a historical fable, it is referred to as the sacred tree planted in the land of eternity. Emperor Genmei (661-721, in the Nara Period) loved this plant deeply and gave the name Tachibana to the prince, Katsuragi Oh. Then the Tachibana clan adopted the plant as their family crest. Mandarin were also used for patterns in the Fujiwara Period, and then changed into family crest designs. (From 'Family Crests of Japan' ICG Muse, Inc.2001)