Peony
These family crests (In Japanese, KAMON) are called 'Botan-Mon' in JAPAN.

Takatsukasa peony
Ver.Jomon
Konoe peony
18 Century
Konoe peony
Ver.Jomon
Konoe peony
Ver.Heian
Crab-shaped
peony

Intersecting peonies in a circle


A deciduous shrub of the peony family, this plant was introduced from China, where people used the petals for food and the roots for medicine, in addition to appreciating the colorful blooms. The Japanese also admired the peony, which was first used in patterns for clothes and oxcarts, and later became a family crest. (From 'Family Crests of Japan' ICG Muse, Inc.2001)

The house of Fujiwara had always been at the highest rank accessible to His Majesty's subjects since the Reform of Taika of 645, but the huge trunk of its family tree was bifurcated in the twelfth century. One was further bifurcated in the thirteenth century and the other trifurcated in the same age. These five houses were not in normal relationship between the head house and collateral branches, each in turn held the regency (in name but not in deed) under the nominal reigns of the emperors in feudal times (1192-1867). These five houses enjoyed the fame of being the Five Premier court-nobles, although the direct line is the house of Konoe. They were popularly called Konoe, Kujo, Ichijo and Takatsukasa from the respective names of the streets in which they lived. As time marched, the name Fujiwara was to be used on official occasions only, and with the enactment of the Family Name Act (1875) under the new government of Meiji, these popular names superseded their ancestral name Fujiwara which had been honoured for centuries. The Tree Peony of the Konoe is derived from the pattern of this flower displayed on the ancestral costume in the eleventh century. The Tree Peony of the Konoe is derived from the pattern of this flower displayed on the ancestral costume in the eleventh century. The tree peony was in ancient China the king of all flowers. 'Konoe peony 18 Century' is copied from an eighteenth-century version. (From 'Nihon monsho daizukan' by Hyakusensha Ltd.)
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